Now that you know the basics, it’s time to take a deeper look into what kinds of food you’re eating. A bowl of ice cream may contain 400 calories (estimate) but is very different from eating 400 calories of chicken or vegetables. Yes of course, because chicken and vegetables are healthy but Ice cream is not right? but think 400 calories is 400 calories is it not? Well not exactly, different foods are made up of different kinds of calories more specifically carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. These are what we call our macronutrients and they are a crucial building block of any successful diet as well as something most people will never hear of for some reason! I cannot stress enough the importance of macros (short form of macronutrients). As mentioned earlier, every food we consume is made up of either carbs, protein, fat or a combination of the three. They are all very different, let’s take a look: 1 gram of carbohydrates containes about 4 calories, same goes for protein while 1 gram of fat contains an astounding 9 calories. It may take a minute to wrap your head around that but a good example is thinking about a scoop of peanut butter which would contain roughly 100 calories while you could eat a massive bowl of fruit which would also contain 100 calories. This is possible because the berries are “light” and made of carbs which are low calorie while the peanut butter is made of “heavy” high calorie fats. Hopefully at this point (or after this) you will begin using an app or program to track your eating habits. If you download a decent one, it should have a section or option to display your macronutrients which will likely show up as a precentage after logging food. Knowing what sorts of food to eat plays a massive part in developing your health and body but roughly you should aim to consume your daily calories from 45% carbohydrates, 30% protein, and the last 25% from fat (these are the numbers I myself follow however, the Canadian food guide recommends different, I have found this ratio by far most effective). These numbers are definitely not set in stone and different bodies need slightly different nutrients but this is a great base and place to get started! It’s up to you to do the work now!

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